Area A. Five squares (42, 43, 53, 55, 56) were excavated in order to locate the eastern boundary of the ancient settlement of Khirbat Farradiya. A large amount of alluvium had accumulated in the area (max. depth 2 m).
In Sq 42, a layer (thickness 0.15 m) of small fieldstones and pottery sherds lay on the bedrock. Some of the sherds were worn and date to the Bronze Age, but most are from the Roman and Byzantine periods. On the surface, covering this layer, were many abraded sherds ranging in date from the Roman period to the modern era.
Four strata (1–4) were exposed in Sqs 43 and 53. In Stratum 4, fragments of pottery vessels from the Intermediate Bronze Age were exposed directly on the bedrock—probably a habitation level. The finds included a coarse krater adorned with a plastic ornamentation (Fig. 2:1), an open krater (Fig. 2:2), cooking pots (Fig. 2:3, 4), jars with a flaring rim, some of them barrel-like (Fig. 2:5–12) and some with a long neck (Fig. 2:13–16), a body fragment of a jar adorned with a plastic decoration (Fig. 2:17) and two ledge handles (Fig. 2:18, 19). In Stratum 3 comprised loose, light-colored soil (thickness 0.53 m) mixed with small fieldstones and bowl fragments dating from the Iron Age II (Fig. 3:1–3) and the Late Roman and Byzantine periods (Fig. 3:4, 5). A wall stump (exposed length 1 m, exposed width 0.5 m) aligned in an east–west direction was revealed in Stratum 2 (Sq 43) as well as an accumulation of worn sherds dating from the Late Roman to the Ottoman period. Mixed and worn pottery sherds from the same periods, including a clay tobacco pipe from the Ottoman period (Fig. 3:7), were exposed in an accumulation of dark, heavy alluvium in Stratum 1.
In Sq 55, a soil accumulation that contained abraded sherds dating from the Late Roman to the Ottoman period lay on the bedrock. An agricultural terrace wall (exposed length 2 m, width 0.5 m) built in a north–south direction of flat, medium-sized fieldstones was revealed in the soil accumulation; it was poorly constructed and was not founded on the bedrock. East of the terrace wall was another wall (exposed length 6.5 m, max. width 1 m) that was built of two courses of medium-sized fieldstones set on the bedrock and oriented in a north–south direction. Debris consisting of small fieldstones was revealed above the upper course.
In Sq 56, a thin accumulation of dark brown soil (thickness 0.2 m) containing worn sherds ranging in date from the Roman period to the Ottoman period was exposed on the bedrock.
Area B. Four squares (62, 76, 79, 93) were excavated. In Sq 62, several agricultural terrace walls were exposed, including a massive wall (exposed length 2 m, width 0.7 m, max. preserved height 1.3 m) that was built of fieldstones in a north–south direction. The northern part of the wall was founded on the bedrock, whereas its southern part was set on top of soil fill. Several worn pottery sherds dating from the Late Roman period to the Ottoman period were revealed in the fill.
Grooves were exposed in a bedrock outcrop in Sq 76, possibly an indication of stones that had been quarried there. Two rock-hewn niches were exposed 2.5 m apart in a bedrock outcrop in Sq 79. A rock-hewn channel (length 2 m, max. width 0.7 m) led to the southern niche and continued c. 1 m into it. An upright stone blocking the channel was discovered at a depth of 0.3 m in the niche. A cooking krater from the fifth century CE (Fig. 3:6) was discovered near the surface in the channel. The southern part of the northern niche (1.2 × 2.0 m) had collapsed. A pillar (1.0 × 1.2 m) constructed of flat fieldstones was discovered 1.7 m south of Sq 79. A cave (exposed area: 0.9 × 1.7 m; Fig. 4) whose ceiling had collapsed was revealed in Sq 93. The front of the cave and its northern wall were hewn. Rock-cuttings, 0.4 m above the bottom of the cave, were discovered in its northern and eastern walls; these may be the remains of burial troughs.
The Intermediate Bronze Age pottery sherds found on the bedrock indicate the presence of an extensive settlement beyond the limits of Khirbat Farradiya. Most of the sherds that were found in the excavation are worn and date from the Late Roman period to the Ottoman period. It thus seems that they had been swept there from Khirbat Farradiya, located nearby to the west. The cooking krater discovered in a rock-hewn niche in Sq 79 in Area B may indicate that the remains uncovered in the excavation should be dated from the Late Roman – Early Byzantine periods until the final days of Farradiya, in the modern era.