Square C12 (Fig. 2). A semi-circular agricultural terrace wall (W203) was exposed. It was founded on the basalt the bedrock and was built of large basalt stones (0.6 × 0.7 × 0.8 m). The date of the terrace could not be determine.
Square H13 (Fig. 3). A long, narrow field wall (W201) built of various-sized basalt stones and oriented in a general north–south direction was documented on the surface. A round building (W206; diam. 3 m, max. preserved height 1.5 m; Fig. 4) founded on the bedrock and constructed of basalt stones was revealed beneath the wall. The excavation of the accumulation inside the building exposed a large amount of burnt material, soil mixed with fine-grained calcareous material and charred limestone fragments, some of which were crumbling. Limestone is not commonly found in the vicinity of the site, and its closest source is in the streambeds of Nahal Rosh Pinna. Also discovered in this accumulation were worn pottery sherds adorned with decorations characteristic of the Chalcolithic period (Fig. 5:1–3) and a broken handle from the Iron Age II (Fig. 5:4); fragments of an in-situ cooking pot from the Byzantine period (Fig. 6); and two drop-shaped basalt items, the date of which is uncertain (Fig. 7:1, 2). The circular outline of the building and the material found in the accumulations inside it suggest that it is was a limekiln. Judging by the ceramic finds, the limekiln was built in the Byzantine period and was not used afterwards.
Square I12 (Figs. 3, 8). A long, narrow field wall was documented on the surface. It seems to have been founded in part on boulders arranged along an east–west axis. When dismantled, and following the removal the topsoil layer, a broad wall (W211; width c. 1.5 m) built of basalt fieldstones; the outer face is built of large stones, whereas the inner face is of small stones. Most of the wall was founded on the basalt bedrock, and a small section of it was set on a thin bedding of soil used to level the bedrock surface. On a tamped-earth floor (L215) that abutted W211 from the south were several basalt grinding stones (Fig. 9:1, 2), pottery fragments dating from the Iron Age II, including bowls (Fig. 10:2), jars (Fig. 10:3), kraters (Fig. 10:4) and cooking pots (Fig. 10:5–7), as well as a single fragment of a bowl dating from the end of the Middle Bronze Age (Fig. 10:1). The soil accumulation that sealed the building and the overlying collapse yielded fragments of Chalcolithic Golan Ware, fragments of a mortarium dating from the Persian period (Fig. 10:8) and part of a tobacco pipe from the Ottoman period (Fig. 10:9).
The excavation at the site south of Tel Ya‘af revealed evidence of human activity that took place during five main periods, rather than only two as was previous thought. The beginning of activity at the site was probably during the Chalcolithic period, as evidenced by the fragments of pottery vessels and flint tools discovered there (these were identified in a survey performed there by Stepansky). The building remains exposed in Sq I12, like the building that was uncovered in the 2006 excavation at the site, attest to a settlement in the Iron Age II, when nearby Tel Ya‘af was inhabited. These finds substantiate Stepansky’s (1999
:34) hypothesis that the habitation at the site was a satellite settlement of the one at Tel Ya‘af. The ceramic finds from the Middle Bronze Age and the Persian period suggest that as at Tel Ya‘af, there was a presence at the site during these periods (Stepansky 1999
:32–33, Plate IX). A limekiln was constructed at the site in the Byzantine period. The amount of limestone found in the excavation of the installation and its vicinity shows it was used for only a brief period. The limekiln might have been built for the purpose of plastering or whitewashing a nearby installation or structure that has yet to be exposed. The long, narrow field walls documented on the surface were constructed as part of the agricultural activity that took place after the limekiln was no longer used. It is difficult to determine when they were built. It may have been during the Ottoman period or even later, under the British Mandate, when there was ongoing agricultural activity there, as indicated on the maps of the 1930s and 1940s that show the existence of groves of deciduous trees in the area.