In February 2004, burial caves were documented at Horevot Sokho (Permit No. A-4199; map ref. 1974–8/6206–13), after they were plundered by antiquities robbers. The documentation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority, was directed by A. Nagorsky, with the assistance of V. Essman and V. Pirsky (surveying and drafting) and inspectors of IAA’s Judea district
Four burial caves (1–4; Fig. 1) were documented, three of which are on the northern slope of the hill where Horevot Sokho is situated, and one is south of the hill. The grave robbers left heaps of broken pottery vessels near the openings of the caves. On the basis of these finds, Caves 1 and 2 were dated to the late Iron Age; Cave 3—to the Roman and Byzantine periods; and Cave 4—to the Middle Bronze Age and the Iron Age II. Cave 4 is located within an area that served as a cemetery for a settlement that was situated on the hill during the Early Bronze, Middle Bronze and Iron Ages. Several burial caves dating to the time of the Second Temple and the Roman and Byzantine periods were documented in development surveys previously undertaken on the northern slope of the hill; however, prior to this inspection, no Iron Age burial caves were known to exist in this area.