In November 2014, a trial excavation was conducted east of Tel Par (Permit No. A-7256; map ref. 211413–550/741726–822). The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by the Cross-Israel Highway Company, Ltd., was directed by A. Massarwa (photography), with the assistance of Y. Amrani and E. Bachar (administration), A. Hajian and M. Kunin (surveying and drafting), C. Ben-Ari and A. Dagot (GPS), A. Gorzalczany (scientific guidance), P. Gendelman (ceramics), M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing) and K. Sa‘id.
Area A yielded a field wall (W1; exposed length 16.7 m, width 1.3 m, preserved height 1.1 m; Figs. 1, 2) aligned in a northwest–southeast direction. It was built of two rows of large fieldstones (average size 0.2 × 0.3 × 0.4 m) and a core of small stones, all set in dry construction. The wall, which extended beyond the excavation area, was probably used to demarcate cultivation plots. Jar fragments from the Early Roman period (first century CE; Fig. 3:1) were found near the wall.
Area B yielded a burial cave (Fig. 4) hewn in chalk bedrock c. 30 m southeast of Area A. The cave’s opening faced northwest and was reached by way of two rock-cut steps, which were damaged by mechanical equipment. The cave included a rectangular burial chamber (L103; c. 2.1 × 3.7 m, height 1.6 m) with a vaulted ceiling and eight loculi (c. 0.65 × 1.80 m, height c. 0.9 m; Fig. 5) hewn in its walls; seven of the loculi were excavated (L121–L127) and one remained untouched due to safety considerations. The few finds from the burial cave include jar fragments (Fig. 3:2–5) ascribed to the Early Roman period (first century CE). The paucity of finds indicates that the cave had been plundered.
Area C yielded a cist grave (L141; 0.55 × 1.45 m, depth 1.3 m; Fig. 6) hewn in chalk bedrock along a north–south axis c. 25 m southeast of Area B. Only a meager amount of pottery sherds were recovered from the grave, namely jar fragments from the first century CE (Fig. 3:6); The paucity of finds indicates that the cave had been plundered.