Quarries (L11, L14, L17, L18, L24, L31; Fig. 2) were scattered throughout the excavation areas, with severance channels (width 4–8 cm; Fig. 3) preserved in most of them. Deep points along the bottom of the channels show that they were hewn with chisels. Medium-size building stones (average size 0.3 × 0.5 m) were the main product of the quarries, but three hewn corners demarcated by severance channels, which were identified in Quarry 11, indicate quarrying of larger stones (0.5 × 0.8 m) as well.
Winepress. The winepress had a rectangular treading floor (L25; 2.55 × 2.70 m, depth 0.1–0.2 m; Figs. 4, 5) with rounded corners and a hewn conical cupmark (diam. 0.19 m, depth 0.1 m) in its center. The floor sloped east toward a collecting vat (L13; 1.35 × 2.00 m). Segments of gray plaster floor that were preserved in the eastern corners of the vat, made it possible to determine its depth (0.9 m). A narrow step (length 2 m, width 0.1 m, height 0.1 m) was hewn above the western wall of the collecting vat. A cupmark (diam. 0.28 m, depth 8 cm) was hewn in the northeastern corner of the step. In the southeastern corner of the treading floor was a severance channel (length 0.5 m, width 6 cm, depth 16 cm) and two rock-cut steps (0.35 × 0.50 m, depth 0.27 m) that were formed when stones were quarried from the eastern wall of the collecting vat; these indicate that the winepress went out of use when the area became a quarry. It was presumably at that time that the floor of the collecting vat was damaged. A natural cave discovered beneath the treading floor was filled with soil containing numerous fieldstones and modern refuse.
Cist tombs (L10; length 2 m, width 0.6 m, depth c. 0.65 m; Figs. 4, 6) were hewn in a large prominent boulder (4.9 × 6.5 m). Three tombs were quarried next to each other on an east–west axis, and another tomb was hewn on a north–south axis just east of them. Flanking the western side of the three parallel tombs, and the southern side of the fourth tomb, was a rock-cut step (width 0.4 m, height c. 7 cm) that served as a backrest. A recess was hewn into the backrest, to serve as a head-rest for the deceased. The northern of the three parallel tombs stood out in having a recess in the wall perpendicular to the backrest, thereby extending the head-rest into the perpendicular face (Fig. 7). Numerous lines and corners that were carved into the bedrock surface around the tombs, testify to the boulder having been larger prior to the quarrying activity. The tombs were filled with earth and small fieldstones.
Burial Cave (L38; Figs. 8, 9). The cave had a hewn facade with a square opening (0.5 × 0.5 m), which retained remains of the frame that had surrounded it. A small courtyard (0.73 × 1.10 m, depth 1.3 m) was hewn in front of the opening. The courtyard and opening were covered with soil and stones. A square stone discovered c. 1 m north of the cave matched the dimensions of the opening, and was probably used to seal it. The inside of the cave was not excavated.
Installation (L37; 0.4 × 0.4 m, depth 0.32 m; Fig. 10). A square, rock-hewn installation was discovered in the western end of a quarry (L18). A shallow conical cupmark (diam. 0.15 m, depth 6 cm) was hewn in the floor, in the southwestern corner of the installation. A channel (length 0.27 m, width 5 cm, depth 3 cm) that conveyed liquid to the installation was hewn above its northern wall.
Retaining Walls (W12, W15, W16; Fig. 11). Wall 12 (length 40 m; Fig. 4) was aligned north–south. It was constructed of two rows of medium size fieldstones and roughly dressed building stones in secondary use, with a fill of small stones between them. Two segments of that wall were excavated: in the south it was founded directly on the quarry (L11) and in the north it was built on soil fill and bonded with W16 which was constructed in a similar manner. Wall 16 was founded partly on hewn rock and partly on soil fill. Both walls were preserved to a height of two to three courses. A thick level (L29; height 0.2–0.4 m) that contained pottery sherds and numerous glassware fragments, was discovered along the western part of W16 and below it, and covered a large quarry (L31). The sherds date to the Byzantine period and included several fragments of deep bowls (Fig. 12:1, 2), numerous casseroles and cooking pots sherds (Fig. 12:3–7), a jar with a folded rim and a ridged body below the neck (Fig. 12:8), the upper part of a juglet (Fig. 12:9) and a fragment of a lamp (Fig. 12:10). The glassware also dates to this period. The walls that were constructed on top of the quarries belong to the latest phase of activity on the site, and sealed the earlier phase below.