Areas A and B were opened above the northern terrace wall, and Area C was opened above the southern terrace wall. An accumulation of alluvium and several bedrock outcrops were in the northern part of the excavation area, and topsoil was in the southern part; the parts were separated by a high terrace (height 4 m) that was formed as a result of prolonged agricultural activity in the area.
Area A. A broad retaining wall of an agricultural terrace (Figs. 2, 3), oriented in a general east–west direction, was discovered. It was built of two rows of medium-sizes fieldstones (W12, W15) with a fill (L8) of soil and small stones deposited between them. The wall was preserved to a height of one course. The wall was founded on the bedrock and made use of the protrusions and hollows in the bedrock surface. Pottery sherds from the Roman period (third–fourth centuries CE) that probably date the wall were found in the fill between the two rows of stones. Another wall (W13), built of large fieldstones, was constructed above Fill 8 in a later phase. Topsoil (L9) was revealed south of the agricultural terrace wall, and alluvium (L6) was exposed north of it. A rock-cutting (Fig. 4) was uncovered below the alluvium north of the wall. The continuation of the terrace wall to the west, beyond the excavation limits, was damaged by a sewer line.
Area B. A wall (W11; Figs. 5, 6), built of medium and large fieldstones, was exposed in this area. This wall was the continuation of W15 in Area A. Topsoil (L4) was revealed south of W11, and fill consisting of brown soil and small dense fieldstones (L5) was discovered north of it. A modern disturbance (L7) that damaged the wall was found in the middle of Area B. The continuation of the wall was visible along the surface to the west, between the two areas.
Area C. Six adjacent excavation squares were opened, yielding a broad retaining wall of an agricultural terrace (exposed length 30 m; Figs. 7, 8). The continuation of the wall to the east and west, beyond the excavation area, was visible on the surface. The wall was built on the bedrock in a general east–west direction; two construction phases were discerned. In the early phase, a wall (W10; Fig. 9) was founded on small fieldstones (thickness 1.5 m) placed on the bedrock and built of two rows of large roughly hewn fieldstones. The wall was preserved to a height of three courses. Topsoil (L12) was exposed south of W10, extending from the top of the wall down to bedrock, and alluvium and small fieldstones accumulated (L3) north of the wall. In the later phase, the wall was widened to the south (width 2–3 m). A wall (W14; Fig 10) consisting of one row of medium-sized fieldstones was built c. 2 m south of W10 and parallel to it. Wall 14 was preserved to a height of two–three courses (0.5 m). Fill comprised of small–medium fieldstones (L10; Fig. 11) was placed on topsoil (L12) in the area between W10 and W14. Wall 14 severed a round installation (L11; Fig. 12) that was built of medium-sized fieldstones to a height of four courses. Brown topsoil was found inside the installation.
A krater with a ledge rim (Fig. 13:1) and a bow-rimmed basin (Fig. 13:3) dating from the Roman period (second–fourth centuries CE) were discovered in the soil that had accumulated north of W10 (L3). A krater (Fig. 13:2), a basin with a ridged rim (Fig. 13:4) and a jar (Fig. 13:5) from the Roman period (second–fourth centuries CE) were recovered from the fill between W10 and W14 (L10). In the soil that had accumulated south of W14 (L2) were jar fragments (Fig 13:6–8) from the Hasmonean period and the Early Roman period, glazed sherds from the Middle Ages and sherds from the Ottoman period. In light of the ceramic finds, the late phase of the terrace wall in Area C should be dated to the Roman period (second–fourth centuries CE).
Shu‘fat is situated on a level plateau surrounded by steep slopes, and therefore agricultural terraces that maximized the amount of cultivable ground were built from the time that the site was first settled. The northern terrace wall discovered in Areas A and B was dated based on the ceramic finds to the third–fourth centuries CE. The late phase of the southern terrace wall discovered in Area C was dated based on the ceramic finds to the second–fourth centuries CE. The dates of the two walls therefore match the time of the early settlement, the remains of which were exposed near the excavation area. The early phase of the southern terrace wall cannot be dated, but its construction indicates pre-planning and social organization (Davidovich et al. 2012:473), and therefore the early phase of the wall was presumably built during the period between the rebellions (70–130 CE), when the ancient settlement was at its zenith.