Area B (Figs. 2, 3). A hewn and plastered installation that had been damaged by mechanical equipment prior to the excavation was unearthed, probably a collection vat of a winepress (1.1 × 2.2 m after damage). In the center of the installation was a plastered pillar (L4; 0.20 × 0.24 m, height c. 0.6 m), which may have supported a roof. The installation was coated with three layers of plaster. The bottom layer was of the highest quality of the three (thickness 7–10 cm; Fig. 4). The two upper layers of plaster were thinner and apparently represent repairs to the installation. It seems that after the installation went out of use it was intentionally covered with brown soil and fieldstones. The fill contained worn, nondiagnostic sherds, stone tools, a coin from the time of Antiochus III (222–187 BCE; Antioch mint; IAA 172190) and a lead flan whose date could not be determined (IAA 172192).
Area C (Figs. 5, 6). A segment of ancient road (width 2.5–3.0 m), running in a general north–south axis, was uncovered. The road was delineated on both sides by walls (W52, W54; Fig. 7) built of unworked limestones set on alluvial soil and preserved to a height of 3–4 courses. These walls seem to have also served to stabilize the road, which was built on swelling alluvial soil. Between the walls was a fill of small stones that served as a bedding for the road (Fig. 8); among the stones were worn sherds that seem to date from the Roman and Byzantine period (not drawn). The fill above the road yielded a coin from the Byzantine period (498–602 CE; IAA 172191).
The plastered installation discovered in the excavation—probably part of a winepress—serves as additional evidence of the extensive agricultural activity in this area in antiquity. The route of the ancient road passed to the west of Shimshon Junction, where the roads connecting Nahal Eshta’ol (Wadi Ishwa), Wadi Mutluq and Wadi Kharjeh once intersected. The high-quality construction of the road indicates that this was no simple rural road, but rather a main thoroughfare. It may have led to, or linked up to, the road to Bet Guvrin, perhaps the one connecting it with Emmaus.