In February 2016, a salvage excavation was conducted in Shu‘fat in Jerusalem (Permit No. A-7674; map ref. 221670–90/636335–40; Fig. 1) ahead of the construction of Road 21. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and funded by the Moriah Company, was directed by Z. ‘Adawi, with the assistance of D. Yeger (archaeological inspection), N. Nehama (administration), D. Levy and A. Wiegmann (GPS), A. Hajian (surveying and drafting), A. Peretz (photography) and Y. Rapuano (pottery).
Two excavation areas were opened (A, B) following the discovery of a cluster of sherds. In Area A (c. 4 × 8 m; Fig. 2) a segment of a field wall was discovered (W1; preserved length c. 7.8 m), which was built on a northeast–southwest axis, perpendicular to the flow of the tributary. The wall consisted of one row of large fieldstones (0.2–0.5 × 0.4–0.7 m) and was preserved to a height of two courses. West of W1 was a layer of medium and small fieldstones (L103–L105; Fig. 3), which apparently had toppled from the wall. In Area B, c. 4 m west of Area A, a layer of medium and small fieldstones was discovered (L302; c. 2 × 4 m; Fig. 4); the relation between this layer and W1 remains unclear.
Pottery from the end of the Hellenistic period and Early Roman period (not drawn) was found in the layers of stones and in the soil that covered the remains. These were the only finds discovered in the excavation area, and they may date the wall to the Early Roman period. It seems that the wall uncovered in the excavation was an agricultural terrace wall, which was built inside the streambed of the tributary in a cultivated area that apparently belonged to the settlement at nearby Tell el-Ful.
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Sklar-Parnas D. 2005. Jerusalem, Shu‘fat. HA-ESI 117.
Sklar-Parnas D. 2006. Jerusalem, Shu‘fat. HA-ESI 118.
Kloner A. 2001. Jerusalem Survey: Northeastern Area (The Archaeological Survey of Israel). Jerusalem.