Kh. el-Khadra or Kh. el-Khudra ( ‘the green’, in Arabic) appears on Mandatory maps and on the SWP map. The site is located on a hilltop. The surveyed remains include a large public building with a stone-paved floor (Fig. 2), walls, cisterns and an olive press, which date to the Roman and Byzantine periods, as well as a burial cave on the western fringes of the site.
Horbat Gemila (Kh. el-Sala‘a)
The site appears on Mandatory maps and on the SWP map as Kh. Jumeiliya or Kh. Jumeiliyeh. This is a small settlement on a hilltop. During the previous survey, terrace walls and shaft tombs were identified, and sherds dating from the Middle Bronze Age 2, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods were gathered. During the current survey a cistern was found, and pottery sherds dating to the Middle Bronze Age and Hellenistic period were collected.
The site is also known as Kh. Fasil Danyal or Kh. Fasil Daniel, names that appear on Mandatory maps and on the SWP map. The site – an ancient tell – extends across the northern hill of the village of Fassuta. (Frankel et al. 2001: Site 233) identified the ancient nucleus of the village and Horbat Pezelet as one site, which they described as a village on a hilltop, with olive presses, architectural elements from a Byzantine church and MBA 2 tombs. They also collected sherds from the following periods: Early Bronze, Intermediate Bronze, MB 2, Iron 1–2, Persian through Byzantine, Crusader–Mamluk and Ottoman.
Horbat Pezelet was damaged several times during construction. As a result, a number of excavations were conducted, in which two MB 2 tombs were discovered (Gershuny and Aviam 2010), as well as a wall that might be a city wall dating from the EB 2 (HA-ESI 122; Permit No. A-4065) and five built tombs (HA-ESI 121) were exposed. Sherds from the following periods were also found: the Early Bronze, MB 2, Iron, Persian through Byzantine and Mamluk.
In the current survey the northern boundary of Horbat Pezelet was identified. It was impossible, however, to demarcate with certainty its southern boundary, despite the excavations and surveys carried out in the area.
The site is located west of Fassuta and east of Birkat Fassuta. Local residents refer to the place as Tatrama or Tarami, probably a corruption of the name Tayretrame from the Crusader period. Antiquities documented at the site include a rock-cut burial(?) cave that cut through an agricultural installation, building foundations, cisterns, rock-cut tombs and an olive press, as well as stone heaps and tesserae. The collected pottery suggests the place was settled during the Roman and Byzantine periods.
Horbat Ram (East; es-Samarra)
The site is located east of Horbat Ram. It includes remains of large buildings, walls (maximum length c. 15 m, height c. 2 m; Fig. 3) built of ashlars (c. 0.5×1.3 m), cisterns and threshold stones. The pottery indicates that the site was settled during the Roman, Byzantine, Early Islamic, Crusader and Mamluk periods.