Nahal Pattish (Nos. 7–10, 14, 15)
This is a Chalcolothic site that sprawls over the northern bank of Nahal Pattish and an alluvial plain to its south. Excavations at the site unearthed the remains of habitation levels and underground complexes (HA-ESI 122). Ash layers and walls that probably belong to the site (Nos. 7–10) were found in the natural sections of the riverbank. The area surrounding the site was surveyed, where numerous pottery sherds and lithics (Nos. 14, 15) were found.
7 (Map ref. 174148/579765). A scatter of sherds from the Chalcolithic period and an ash layer mixed with sherds.
8 (Map ref. 174135/579764). A wall built of large fieldstones (length 0.4–0.5 m).
9 (Map ref. 174116/579758). Two fieldstone-built walls (Fig. 2).
10 (Map ref. 174097/579746). A bell-shaped pit filled with ash (diameter 2 m, depth 1.5 m).
14 (Map ref. 174018/579586). A scatter of sherds from the Chalcolithic period.
15 (Map ref. 174063/579456). An ash layer mixed with sherds and stone tools from the Chalcolithic period.
Horbat Karkor (Nos. 44–48)
The site, located south of Nahal Karkor, dates from the Byzantine period. Excavations at the site unearthed a church (Figueras 2004). The survey area included only a small section of the site – its northern margins on the bank of the stream. It comprises remains of several buildings surrounded by a wall (a fortress?).
44 (Map ref. 176858/581588). Remains of a square building (4×4 m).
45 (Map ref. 176831/581565). Remains of a square building (3×3 m).
46 (Map ref. 176816/581552). A rectangular building (4×8 m).
47 (Map ref. 176838/581546). A rectangular building (6×9 m).
48 (Map ref. 176686/581491). Several structures built of korkar stones and surrounded by a wall.
An Encampment Sites (Nos. 24–26, 27)
Poorly preserved encampment sites were identified on a hill north of Nahal Karkor. They comprise remains of several temporary structures and enclosure walls. These are probably Bedouin campsites; however, they are very likely situated atop the remains of an earlier site.
24–26 (Map ref. 174792-808/580145-57). Remains of three buildings constructed of fieldstones (each 3 m in diameter).
27 (Map ref. 174461/580053). A square building (6×6 m) built of undressed stones of chalky limestone.
2 (Map ref. 174231/579794). Remains of a fieldstone-built wall (length 2 m, width 0.5 m).
3 (Map ref. 174193/579974). Remains of three fieldstone-built walls, visible in a natural section.
4 (Map ref. 174191/579793). Remains of a fieldstone-built wall (length 1.5 m, width 0.6 m).
5, 6 (Map ref. 174198-222/579826-64). Two farming terraces (each 15 m long, 1 m wide).
11–13 (Map ref. 174026-44/579568-83). Three stone heaps (each 1.5 m in diameter), possibly Bedouin graves.
16 (Map ref. 173914/579421). Remains of a wall on the southern bank of Nahal Pattish, possibly remains of a dam. The wall is built of sandstone blocks bonded with gray mortar.
17 (Map ref. 173742/579527). Remains of a building (diameter 5 m) made of chalky limestone blocks.
18 (Map ref. 174294/580051). A water reservoir hewn in the slope of the northern bank of Nahal Pattish. It is divided into two rooms by a rock-hewn wall (Fig. 3). A rock-cut opening faces the stream and wall that was built opposite it (Site 19) attest to a secondary use of the reservoir.
19 (Map ref. 174297/580043). A fieldstone-built wall (length 10 m, width 0.5 m) that closes off a compound opposite the opening of Reservoir 18.
20 (Map ref. 174398/579925). A wall (length 20 m, width 0.5 m; Fig. 4) built of fieldstones without mortar, perpendicular to the slope. It served to divert run-off into a cistern (Site 21).
21 (Map ref. 174411/579901). A rock-hewn cistern. The capstone is square (0.5×0.5 m) and was renovated with modern concrete. A trough was built along its western side.
22 (Map ref. 174570/580119). A building (length 10 m) built of fieldstones without mortar on a eastern-descending slope. It is probably modern.
23 (Map ref. 174664/580132). A farming terrace (length 10 m, width 1.2 m) perpendicular to the stream. It is built of small stones.
28 (Map ref. 175125/580303). A watchman’s hut (3×3 m).
29 (Map ref. 175225/580303). A stone heap (diameter 4 m), possibly a grave.
30 (Map ref. 175979/581351). A farmhouse (length 30 m, width 25 m) constructed of undressed stones of chalky limestone. The building consists of several rooms arranged around a central courtyard.
31 (Map ref. 177773/581674). A rock-hewn cistern with a square opening (0.7×0.7 m).
32 (Map ref. 177631/581683). A rectangular building (3×6 m) built of undressed stones of chalky limestone, probably a watchman’s hut.
33 (Map ref. 177491/581677). A rectangular building (6×8 m) made of undressed stones of chalky limestone.
34 (Map ref. 177382/581648). A building buried in loess. It had a courtyard with a cistern at its center. The cistern was dug in the ground and lined with small stones. Its opening collapsed inward.
35 (Map ref. 177376/581658). A rectangular reservoir (4×6 m; depth 3 m; Fig. 5) hewn in chalky limestone bedrock, with a staircase at its opening.
36 (Map ref. 177672/581546). A square building (15×15 m) with massive walls (width 1.2–1.5 m) located on the southern bank of Nahal Karkor.
37 (Map ref. 177588/581584). A farming terrace on the northern bank of Nahal Karkor. It is built parallel to the direction of the stream.
38 (Map ref. 177343/5811767). A rock-hewn reservoir (6×6 m) on the northern bank of Nahal Karkor.
39 (Map ref. 177349/581776). Remains of a fieldstone-built wall that was found buried in loess.
40 (Map ref. 177337/581805). A square building (8×8 m) made of undressed stones of chalky limestone, probably a watchman’s hut.
41 (Map ref. 177280/581706). A watchman’s hut (4×8 m; maximum preserved height 0.6 m) comprising two rooms. It may date to the British Mandate years.
42 (Map ref. 177277/581725). A farmhouse (20×20 m) consisting of several rooms and a courtyard.
43 (Map ref. 177002/581601). A square building (3×3 m) that was found buried in loess.
49 (Map ref. 176486/581503). A ruinous rectangular building (7×8 m) buried in loess.
50 (Map ref. 176074/580487). A rock-hewn water reservoir (6×6 m) on the northern bank of Nahal Pattish.
51 (Map ref. 177256/579515). A square watchman’s hut (3×3 m) built of stones of chalky limestone on the southern bank of Nahal Pattish.