The Crusader base-like structure (W900) is broad and massive, and aligned in an east–west direction. Its western, wall-like part is narrow (width 2.5 m), and its eastern part is wide (maximum width 7 m; L60). The wide part of the base might have carried a tower. Only four to seven courses (height c. 1.5 m) were exposed, without reaching the foundations of the walls. The outer face of the structure was built of especially large kurkar ashlars (length 0.7–1.0 m, width 0.45 m, average height 0.5 m; Fig. 3). The core of the structure contained small and medium fieldstones, ashlars and round column drums bonded together with lime-based mortar and orange-colored sand with few several sherds from the Byzantine and Crusader periods. Along the eastern end of the structure were five steps built of kurkar ashlars (W802; Fig. 4) that descended from north to south, onto a leveled area (L80). Another set of steps ascended through a corridor (L61) that continued south from the leveled area. On the western face of the northern part of the structure was an opening blocked with ashlars (W406; Figs. 5, 6). The opening led to a domed room (diameter c. 2 m). The dome, built of kurkar ashlars, had collapsed and the room could not be excavated. Sherds gathered from the remains of the collapsed dome date it to the Crusader period. The structure was covered with a layer of sand. The sand that covered the steps on the east side of the structure (L80–L82) date mostly to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries CE, and several date to the Crusader period.
Three pilasters were attached to the structure during the Ottoman period: W803 on the east, W405 on the north, and W404 to the north of the narrow part (Fig. 6). The pilasters are built of dressed kurkar stones and an aggregate of lime plaster and brown soil, with small fieldstones in their center. Their alignment, along a general north–south axis, does not fully correspond to that of the structure, but does fit that of walls that abut the Daher al-Umar wall, c. 5 m to the north of the excavation. It thus seems that the pilasters were part of the storerooms built along the city wall. A plastered water channel, also dating from the Ottoman period, was built along the southern face of the structure. It was built on a foundation of medium-size fieldstones (width c. 0.45 m). The channel was bound on the north by the outer face of the structure, and on the south with a wall built of partly dressed fieldstones (W402; width c. 0.25 m, depth c. 0.15 m; see Fig. 2). The two walls were plastered with dark gray plaster. Pottery sherds from the fill found in the channel (L52) and in the probe cut through the channel and its foundation (L62), including fragments of clay pipes, date to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries CE. The channel was unearthed at a depth of c. 0.6 m below the surface, under the bedding and asphalt of the modern parking lot.
Several sherds from the Late Roman period were found, among them a type of jar that is well-known in the Western Galilee (Fig. 7:1). Most of the finds, both local and imported, date to the Late Ottoman period. The locally produced vessels include a jar (Fig. 7:2), a jug decorated with combing (Fig. 7:3) and a bowl on a pedestal which might have been used as a lamp as evidenced by the remains of soot on its rim (Fig. 7:4). The imported pottery includes cooking vessels and glazed vessels. One of the cooking vessels is open and has hollow handles and it might have been imported from the south of France (Fig. 7:5). Another small cooking vessel that is glazed on its inside was probably imported from the Aegean islands (Fig. 7:6). The glazed bowls include two types that are very common in ‘Akko and date to the nineteenth century: a slip painted bowl from Didymóteicho in Greece (Didymóteicho ware; Fig. 7:7) and a bowl painted with manganese from Çanakkale
in Turkey (Çanakkale ware; Fig. 7:8). Other finds include a cup decorated with painting from Kütahya in Turkey which dates to the eighteenth century CE (Kütahya ware; Fig. 7: 9), three red-slipped clay pipes that date to the nineteenth century CE (Fig. 8:1–3), and two gun flints, probably made of indigenous flint (Fig. 8:4, 5), which date to the nineteenth century CE. Similar items made of local flint and of imported flint have been found in excavations at ‘Akko and Yafo (HA-ESI 124
The structure built of especially large ashlars and the remains of the dome built of ashlars indicate that they belong to a very massive public building. The steps found in the structure led to an additional story or a tower. Although only the top part of the structure was exposed, it is known from the many excavations undertaken nearby that the archeological remains in this area reach six meters deeper. Hence, it is probable that the structure comprises the second story of a building. Although most of the fills in the excavation date to the nineteenth and twentieth century CE, it seems that the building is earlier. Based on the nature of the construction it sould be ascribed to the Crusader period. According to maps of the city of ‘Akko from the Crusader period, it was situated along the eastern border of the Hospitaller Quarter.
The pilasters abutting the northern part of the structure and the water channel to its south show that the upper part of the building (up to a height of 1.5 m) was exposed above ground level when they were built in the nineteenth–twentieth century CE. The pilasters belong to a storehouse structure that was built against the Daher al-Umar citywall (1750–1775 CE), and the water channel probably belongs to the pasha’s gardens that were located there during the Ottoman period (eighteenth–twentieth century CE).