During July 2011, an archaeological survey was conducted in Ruhama Forest (License No. S-303/2011; map ref. 171110-900/598700-9150), prior to planting trees. The survey, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and underwritten by the Jewish National Fund, was directed by D. Varga.
The surveyed region (length 800 m, width 100–350 m, c. 160 dunams) is partially covered with construction debris and heaps of earth that was brought there in order to block the rainwater and protect the existing saplings. Previous plantings done by the Jewish National Fund have damaged the natural terrain. No surveys were previously conducted in the region, and there were no known archaeological sites there. However, one site (map ref. 171403/599025) was discovered during the survey: a rectangular structure built of kurkar stones and mud bricks (7×8 m, height 0.50–1.35 m), divided into two identical rooms. The building dates to the time of the British Mandate.
Random pottery sherds dating to the Byzantine and Ottoman periods were found over most of the survey area. No ancient sites were discovered in the surveyed area.