The site extends across both banks of Nahal Karkor.
4 (Map ref. 180778/580421). The wall remains of buildings made of medium size limestone blocks (width 0.4 m) were identified. A meager scatter of sherds from the Byzantine and Early Islamic periods was discerned near them.
5 (Map ref. 180757/580256). Remains of a dam (length 4 m, width 1 m, height 1 m; Fig. 2) aligned in a north–south direction and built of large stones and fill consisting of medium stones mixed with mortar and sherds were identified on the northern bank of the stream. A scatter of building stones is visible near the dam, probably remains of buildings that were not preserved. In addition to these, a slight scatter of flint and sherds from the Byzantine and Ottoman period was identified.
8 (Map ref. 181124/579743; Fig. 3). A rock-hewn cistern and trough. The cistern is lined with modern concrete and still used today. A heap of calcareous material that was removed from inside the cistern was identified near the installation. The cistern might be modern.
Nahal Betarim (West)
13 (Map ref. 184028/578724). A square building (4.5 × 5.0 m; Fig. 4) with walls made of medium size stones (width 0.5 m) and three caves that were apparently used as dwellings were identified on a hilltop. One of the caves has a courtyard surrounded by a wall built of medium size stones (width 0.6 m). A meager flint scatter was identified on the slope alongside the cave openings. The southeastern and southern sides of the site are enclosed by a fence. In addition, a meager scatter of sherds from the Byzantine period and an extensive scatter of sherds from the Ottoman period (Black Gaza ware) were identified.
20 (Map ref. 185280/577520; Fig. 5). A large rectangular cistern with a circular opening (diam. c. 4 m). The opening is partially covered with modern concrete.
21 (Map ref. 185449/577318). Architectural remains and a scatter of pottery sherds dating to the Byzantine and Ottoman periods.
22 (Map ref. 185305/577436). A flint scatter extending across a large area (c. 60 sq m), mainly along the eastern slope. The density of the items is low (up to 10 items per sq m). Numerous flake cores, debitage, blades and ad hoc tools were discerned at the site.
1 (Map ref. 180379/581278). A meager scatter of sherds dating to the Byzantine period; flint debitage (2–3 items per sq m); and a Chalcolithic sickle blade bearing gloss were recorded. The area was cultivated in the modern era.
2 (Map ref. 180479/179815). A thin scatter of flint and sherds on a hillside (less than 5 items per sq m). The finds include non-diagnostic flint debitage and sherds dating to the Byzantine period.
3 (Map ref. 180561/580654). A hewn opening (0.3 × 0.4 m; Fig. 6) in the bedrock that led to an underground cavity (karstic cave?).
6 (Map ref. 181012/579780). A meager scatter of non-diagnostic flint and Black Gaza ware sherds dating to the Byzantine and Ottoman periods.
7 (Map ref. 181149/579713). Two channels dug into the southern slope of Nahal Karkor that conveyed water to a cistern.
9 (Map ref. 183542/579025). Remains of a dam (width 0.4 m, height 0.3 m; Fig. 7) spanning the streambed, built of medium-sized stones preserved to a height of three courses.
10 (Map ref. 183635/579086). A wall built of medium-sized stones and loess (height 0.4 m), probably the remains of a dam.
11 (Map ref. 183860/578672; Fig. 8). A cistern with a concrete opening closed with a metal cover. A heap of calcareous material, removed from the cistern, is located nearby. The installation might be modern.
12 (Map ref. 183853/578663). A shallow feeder channel (depth 0.3m) dug in the ground, belonging to the cistern at Site 11.
14 (Map ref. 183985/578543). A cistern with a concrete opening; the installation might be modern. Nearby is a heap of calcareous material, removed from the cistern.
15 (Map ref. 183770/578614). An enclosure encompassed by a wall built of two rows of medium-size stones (width c. 0.6 m).
16 (Map ref. 184209/578651). A dam in a streambed built of medium-sized stones, preserved to a height of three courses (1 m, width 0.4 m).
17 (Map ref. 184678/578352). Remains of a building constructed of medium-sized stones. A carved stone architectural element was identified that might be part of a cornice (Fig. 9). A sparse scatter of Black Gaza ware sherds dating to the Byzantine and Ottoman periods was documented.
18 (Map ref. 185425/578650; Fig. 10). A cistern constructed of medium-sized stones and a built feeder channel. The wall tops that are probably the remains of a pool were identified nearby.
19 (Map ref. 186536/579267). A meager scatter of sherds from the Byzantine period and several non-diagnostic flint items were identified.
The survey reflects the distribution of archaeological sites in the area extending to the west of the Be’er Sheva Valley. Sites dating to the prehistoric periods and the Byzantine, Early Islamic and Late Ottoman periods were documented. It seems that most of the sites were inhabited in the Byzantine period, a time when settlement in the Negev flourished.