In May 2013, a salvage excavation was conducted in the Zipor compound in Modi‘in (Permit No. A-6796; map ref. 200791–907/647245–347), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by Amar-Coriel Architects, was directed by V. Eshed (field photography), with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), A. Dagot (GPS), R. Mishayev and M. Kahan (surveying and drafting), H. Torgë (pottery reading) and M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing).
Four stone clearance heaps and a field wall were excavated (Fig. 2).
Stone Clearance Heap (L1; Fig. 3). An elliptical clearance heap (diam. 6.5 m, height 1.45 m), consisting of medium- and large-sized stones, was exposed in the western part of the area. Several body sherds of pottery vessels and a jar from the Byzantine period (Fig. 4) were discovered.
Stone Clearance Heap (L2; Fig. 5). An elliptical clearance heap (length c. 6 m, height 2.2 m) consisting of medium-sized stones was exposed in the southern part of the area. The heap was piled up against a boulder on a natural slope that descends from south to north. Several body sherds of pottery vessels dating to the Byzantine period were discovered.
Terrace Wall and Stone Clearance Heap (L3, W5; Fig. 6). A rectangular clearance heap (length 6.5 m, width 5.3 m, height 1.05 m) consisting of medium- and large-sized stones piled on a natural slope that descends from south to north was exposed in the eastern part of the area. The heap was enclosed to its south by a wall (W5) built of a single course of large fieldstones aligned along an east–west axis. The wall apparently marked the edge of an agricultural terrace meant to prevent soil from eroding down the natural northern slope.
Stone Clearance Heap (L4; Fig. 7). An elliptical clearance heap (diam. 6.5 m, height 1 m) consisting of medium- and large-sized stones, descending on a northern natural slope, was exposed in the north of the area.
The ceramic finds recovered in the clearance heaps indicate that the region was inhabited during the Byzantine period. The finds, like those of previous excavations in the region, show that the area was used for cultivation and belonged to one of the nearby settlement sites—Khirbat Abu Fureij or Horbat Tittora—located to the east.
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