During August 2000 a development survey was conducted by M. Haiman and L. Barda in the Rantis–Qula area (License No. G-109/2000*; map ref. NIG 1975–2000/6616–80; OIG 1475–500/1616–80), on behalf of the Antiquities Authority.
The area (c. 3 sq km) had previously been surveyed by I. Beit Arieh within the survey of Rosh Ha-‘Ayin Map (78). Some 600 sites were surveyed, ranging from ruins to scattered potsherds. The predominant site in the area is Horbat Anusha (c. 120 × 150 m; Rosh Ha-‘Ayin Map , site 280), located on a hilltop. The ruin is surrounded by a wall (width 1.5 m) built of field stones and preserved 2 m high. Remains of another enclosure wall were detected 4 m from this wall, at the bottom of the hill. The antiquities documented within the confines of the ruin included the remains of a large structure built of dressed stones with a vaulted ceiling, other building remains, parts of an oil press, a mosaic surface, water cisterns and a limekiln (diam. 5 m, depth 3 m). Seven bedrock-hewn arcosolia and two burial caves with vertical rock-cut facades were documented along the hill’s southwestern slope. Pottery fragments from the Roman, Byzantine, Crusader and Mamluk periods were gathered in the area of the ruin.