In the past, several prehistoric sites, dating mainly to the Middle and Upper Paleolithic and the Epipaleolithic period were exposed in the vicinity of the current excavation area (Hovers et al. 2008; van den Brink and ‘Ad 2011; Yaroshevich, Khalaily and Kirzner 2011; Yaroshevich 2012; Yaroshevich 2013).
Square A
1. Dark brown clay sediment (grumosol; thickness c. 2 m) containing pockets of colluvium. It was removed by mechanical means. 
2. A brown layer of clay (thickness 0.7 m) rich in chunks of light-colored calcium carbonate, which are indicative of a high water table (Noam Greenbaum, pers. comm.). A few knapped flint items were discovered in this layer. These included items produced using the Levallois technique, characteristic of the Middle Paleolithic period (250,000–47,000 YBP), along with bladelet cores/debitage that are typical of later periods, including the Upper Paleolithic (47,000–20,000 YBP) and the Epipaleolithic (20,000–10,000 YBP) periods. Most of the flint items in the layer are worn and covered with patina.
Square B (Figs. 2, 3)
1. Dark brown clay sediment (grumosol; thickness c. 2 m) removed by means of a backhoe. 
2. A brown layer of clay (thickness 0.10–0.15 m) containing concentrates of calcium carbonate. Several flint items bearing wear signs were discovered, including Levallois items and bladelet cores.
3. A tamped layer of small- and medium-sized limestone stones (L106; thickness c. 0.15 m). Finds in this layer included knapped flint items as well as a few pottery sherds, including a jar base (Fig. 4:1), a fragment of a basalt grindstone (Fig. 4:2) and several bone fragments. Most of the flint items display evidence of wear and patination; some, however, are quite fresh and differ from the rest in their color and texture.
4. Reddish-brown clay sediment (thickness c. 0.8 m) mixed with small-sized limestone rocks and knapped flint items. The density decreased the deeper the excavation descended in the layer. Flint artifacts included Levallois items and bladelet cores.
5. A layer of black to dark gray clay formed by an accumulation of alluvium conveyed by Nahal Qishon. This layer was discovered c. 5 m below the surface in a probe that was opened after the excavation officially ended. Although not completely excavated, no ancient remains were revealed in the layer.
Square C (Fig. 5)
1. Dark brown clay sediment (grumosol; thickness c. 2 m) removed by mechanical means. 
2. A light-colored layer of clay (thickness 0.5 m), rich in calcium carbonate concentrates. Several flint artifacts were discovered, all of which bear signs of wear and patination, including Levallois items and bladelet cores.
3. Dark brown clay sediment (thickness 0.7 m) containing smaller amounts of calcium carbonate concentrates compared to Layer 2.
Square D (Figs. 6, 7)
1. Dark brown clay sediment (grumosol; thickness c. 2 m) removed by mechanical means. 
2. Brown clay sediment (thickness 0.2–0.3 m) rich in calcium carbonate concentrates. A few flint artifacts were discovered in this layer: Levallois items, including flakes and cores, as well as bladelet cores.
3. A colluvial level (L105; thickness 0.3 m) containing various-sized limestone rocks and numerous knapped flint items. The layer has a clay matrix, rich in calcium carbonate concentrates. The layer contained patina-covered flint items, many of them worn and covered with black manganese stains, an indication of high groundwater.
The flint assemblage consists of 488 industrial debitage items, 64 tools, 354 small flakes (chips; less than 1.5 cm long) and 1,648 unidentified chunks. The industrial debitage includes numerous flakes (38% of the industrial debitage, and 2.4% of Levallois flakes), primary items (20%), core debitage items (19%), cores (17.4%), bladelet cores (5.3%; Fig. 8:3, 4; some are cores on a flake that can be defined as burins), Levallois cores (2.9%), blades (1.4%) and knives (1.2%) that are naturally backed, as well as bladelets (0.4% of the industrial debitage). The tools consist of retouched flakes, including Levallois flakes (45% of the tools), notches/denticulates (34.4%), side scrapers (8.5%), retouched primary items (8.5%), retouched core debitage items (6.2%), retouched knives with a natural back (6.2%) and end scrapers (4.7%; Fig. 8:1, 2).
All the excavated layers, except for Layer 5 in Sq B, are accumulations that originated on Mount Carmel (Noam Greenbaum, pers. comm.). The flint assemblage from all the squares, comprising Middle and Upper Paleolithic as well as Epipaleolithic items found together and bearing signs of wear and patination, indicates that it is not in situ. A similar combination of Levallois items found together with bladelet cores was revealed in two excavations recently conducted nearby, west of Highway 70 and further up the slope of Mount Carmel (Yaroshevich 2012; Yaroshevich 2013). At both of these sites, secondary accumulation resulted of erosion down the slope. The similarity in composition and physical state between the flint assemblage from the current excavation and those discovered in the two adjacent excavations, suggest that all three belong to the same alluvial fan, although the current site is located at slightly lower elevation.
The flint assemblages at the three sites are characterized by relatively high percentages of cores, core debitage and primary items (flakes with a cortex covering more than 50% of the surface). Such finds show that the sites from whence the flint items were eroded were most likely knapping sites and not settlement or hunting sites. It should be mentioned that the flint sources used to make the types of items discovered at the excavations are located at the top of the slope, where the excavations were conducted (Yaroshevich, Khalaily and Kirzner 2011).
Among the stones comprising Layer 3 in Sq B and right above them were finds unlike those in the rest of the layers; these include the base of a red-slipped jar, a basalt grinding tool, bone remains and pristine flint fragments. These finds were evidently in situ and part of a habitation level. The tools in this assemblage are non-diagnostic; however, the fabric of the clay used in making the jar and the treatment of its outer surface are consistent with the ceramic tradition of the Early Bronze Age. This is the principal period of the remains unearthed at Tel Qashish and in its immediate vicinity (van den Brink and ‘Ad 2011). If indeed these finds represent an Early Bronze Age layer, then not only the tell and its immediate surroundings were utilized during this period, but also areas on the other side of Nahal Qishon, c. 200 m south of the tell.