In November 2016, a salvage excavation was conducted south of Khirbat Sirîsia (License No. 15-3-2016; map ref. 201357/668305), prior to development. The excavation, on behalf of the Judea and Samaria Staff Officer of Archaeology, was directed by U. Greenfeld and D. Traubman, with the assistance of P. Portonov (surveying and drafting), S. Ammami (photography) and A. Harel (plans).
The excavation (Figs. 1, 2) was conducted south of Khirbat Sirîsia, immediately to the north of Road 5, to the east of Sha‘ar Shomron Interchange and c. 1.5 km west of Elqana. Remains of a burial cave (L100), a winepress (L200), quarries (L202, L300), two cisterns and modern terrace walls were found on a rocky hill.
Burial cave (Figs. 3, 4). A hewn courtyard with an opening, in which a square sealing stone was found, led to a cave with five hewn niches; the quarrying of two additional small niches was not completed. Several glass shards and unidentifiable potsherds were found inside the cave. A contemporary coin and a plastic bracelet were also found, probably lost by antiquity robbers.
Winepress (Fig. 5). A winepress was hewn in the rock outcrop on the hilltop. It comprised a treading floor, a collecting vat with a sump hewn in its floor. No dated finds were found.
Quarries. At the foot of the winepress were two quarries, an eastern one (L300; Fig. 6) and a western one (L202); they each comprised four steps. A narrow deep pit in the southwestern part of the western quarry—most probably natural—was not fully excavated. A modern terrace wall was exposed near the pit (Fig. 2: Section 5–5), built to protect a tree. Neither of the quarries yielded dated finds.
Cisterns. Two cisterns were found. The southern cistern includes hewn steps leading to an elongated opening shaped like a keyhole (Figs. 2: Section 4–4; 7). The northern cistern is oval with a round opening (Fig. 2: Section 3–3); a terrace wall surrounded it on the north and west. The pits were found exposed with an accumulation of contemporary refuse and were not excavated.