The excavation area extended as far as the cemetery’s northern, eastern and southern perimeters (Fig. 2) across a low hill of chalk bedrock overlain with a nari crust and featuring rocky outcrops and low, thorny vegetation. The area was partly damaged when the cemetery was built, and its southwestern part, used as a refuse dump, was damaged by mechanical equipment. Three Late Roman–Early Byzantine winepresses were previously uncovered to the northwest of the current excavation area (Kirzner 2016; Fig. 1: A-7324), and a rock-hewn winepress was excavated to the west of the site (Hater 2015; Fig. 1: A-7006). At Horbat Shur, extending across a hill summit to the south, a large Crusader fortress and rock-hewn installations were documented (Olami and Gal 2003: Site 123). At Horbat Sasay, to the northeast, previous surveys and excavations revealed architectural remains, a workshop, burial caves, installations, quarries and terraced agricultural plots dating from various periods (Olami and Gal 2003: Site 104; Talmi 2018 [Fig. 1: A-7753], and see further references there).

Fifteen spots were excavated (F1–F15; Fig. 2; Table 1), uncovering the remains of a building, field walls and winepresses, bodedas and rock-hewn cupmarks; no diagnostic finds were retrieved. The remains probably belong to the agricultural hinterland of the nearby settlements at Horbat Shur, Horbat Sasay and possibly Tel Par, located to the west.
L19, L34, L35, L36
L17, L38, L39
W11, W12
L27, L28, L29, L30
L41, L42, L43
Architectural remains. A surface made of large and medium-sized fieldstones was unearthed (L16; Fig. 3); it may once have been delimited on two sides by walls roughly built of different sized fieldstones. The remains may be the base of a field tower or part of a work surface used for some agricultural purpose.
Field walls. Six long walls, some fragmentary, were excavated (W10–W12, W14, W21, W22; Figs. 4–7); the walls extended beyond the excavation limits. The walls, preserved to a maximum height of two courses, were founded on soil or on the bedrock, and were built of different-sized fieldstones, some with 5–50 cm intervening gaps. Based on the building style, the alignment and location, the walls probably demarcated agricultural plots.
Winepresses. Two rock-hewn winepresses were discovered (L19, L29). Winepress 19 (Fig. 8) was cut into a rocky outcrop and included a square treading floor (L34) that sloped gently northward toward a collecting vat (L36). To the west, a cluster of rock-hewn cupmarks was uncovered (L17) that may be associated with the winepress’s operation. Winepress 29 (Fig. 9) was squarish and included a treading floor (L27) with a collecting vat (L28) hewn in its southern corner with a small sump at the bottom (L30). The winepresses were not large and were probably intended for domestic wine production.
Bodeda. A rock-hewn installation was probably used to extract liquids such as grape juice or olive oil (Fig. 10). The installation comprised a round surface (L41) surrounded by a small channel, with a collecting vat (L42) on a lower level to its west. A round rock-hewn depression (L43) was located northwest of the bodeda.
Cupmarks. The excavation uncovered seven round rock-hewn cupmarks of various sizes (L15, L18, L31, L38, L39, L92, L100; 0.10–0.45 m; Figs. 11–13) that may have been used for crushing, grinding, or extracting liquids.