An excavation square was opened along the northern edge of the lot; it was dug by mechanical equipment to a depth of 0.3 m and further down, finds from two strata dating to the Byzantine and Mamluk periods were exposed.
Stratum II. Two massive walls (W105, W107) of a building were discerned. The walls, built of large ashlars and aligned east–west, were preserved to a maximum of five courses high. The walls adjoined an arch, also preserved five courses high, which was built of large ashlars (Fig. 3) and apparently supported the structure’s ceiling. A gray plaster floor (L110; Fig. 4) was ascribed to the building. The ceramic artifacts consisted of two jars dating to the Byzantine period (Fig. 5:1, 2).
Stratum I. Sections of walls (W104, W106, W109) of a massive building were exposed and two construction phases were discerned, dating from the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries CE.
The northern wall (W106) was built in Phase A of small and medium fieldstones, oriented east–west and preserved to a maximum of eight courses high. The wall was apparently abutted by a stone floor (L103), composed of small and medium fieldstones and gray mortar (Fig. 6). The wall enclosed the northern side of the ancient building and in its western side was an opening, in which later stone collapse was visible, probably a result of destruction by modern activity (Fig. 7).
Two walls in the west side were built In Phase B: Wall 104 abutted W106 and Wall 109 adjoined W104 and formed the corner of a room (L108). The walls, built of medium and large ashlars, were preserved to a maximum of two courses high. Wall 104 divided the building into two rooms (L102, L108; Fig. 8). A stone floor of small and medium fieldstones and gray mortar was exposed in Room 102. The southern part of the square was not excavated (Fig. 9). The ceramic artifacts from this stratum included bowls (Fig. 5:3, 4), a krater (Fig. 5:5), cooking pots (Fig. 5:6, 7), jars (Fig. 5:8, 9), handmade painted jugs (Fig. 5:10, 11) and a lamp (Fig. 5:12).
Wall remains of a massive building were exposed in Stratum II, dating to the Byzantine period. The walls were built of large ashlars and an arch in the center supported the ceiling. Wall sections of a building, dating to the Mamluk period, were exposed in Stratum I; two construction phases, from the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries CE, were discerned. The arch of the previous building was sealed, floors were raised and the building was enlarged to the west.