The excavation, comprising two adjacent squares, unearthed a massive wall built of large stones, some of which were roughly dressed (W101; 9.5 m excavated length; Fig. 2). The wall, which extended beyond the excavation limits, was built of one row of stones and preserved to the height of a single course. The wall’s stones are not uniform in size (0.7 × 1.0, 0.45 × 0.60 m); some of the stones are unworked fieldstones, and others are well-dressed fieldstones, probably in secondary use after they were brought from the tell and its vicinity. The fill on either side of the wall contained a homogeneous pottery assemblage, dated to Iron Age II (see Fig. 5). To the south of the wall was a layer of medium-sized stones (L107, L113; Fig. 3); the stones seem to have rolled down from higher up the tell and piled up naturally against W101. Beneath the layer of stones was heavy, alluvial agricultural soil devoid of finds. It thus seems that W101 was a well-built agricultural terrace wall.
Remains of another wall (W114; preserved length 2.5 m; Fig. 4), built of two rows of medium-sized stones, were found along the southwest part of W101; this wall may have served as a retaining wall for, or as an extension of, W101.
Most of the potsherds retrieved from the excavation are characteristic of the Iron Age IIB (eighth century BCE), and only a few are from the Iron Age IIC (seventh century BCE; Singer-Avitz 2002). The bowls (Fig. 5:1, 2) are typical of the seventh century in Judea and have parallels from Stratum II at Tel Lachish and from Stratum II at Tel Batash (Zimhoni 2004); the large kraters (Fig. 5:3, 4) and cooking pots (Fig. 5:6, 7) are typical of the eighth century BCE; and the holemouth jars (Fig. 5:8, 9) appear to be more typical of the eighth than the seventh century BCE as well (Mazar and Panitz-Cohen 2001: Figs. 5, 6). Other recovered artifacts made of clay are a disk (Fig. 5:5) and a pear-shaped object with a circular cut, probably a weight (Fig. 5:10).
Field Wall 101 and the alluvium alongside it indicate that the area served for generations as an agricultural hinterland of the settlement at Tel Sokho. It is impossible to date the wall’s construction with any certainty, although the pottery assemblage dates the fill beside the wall to the Iron Age IIC at the earliest.