Stratum IV – Early Bronze Age IB. A dense layer of stones (depth 5–10 cm) was uncovered in the earliest stratum. It was set on an earthen accumulation (thickness 0.20–0.25 m), which covered the bedrock. On the layer of stones were pottery sherds from the EB IB.
Stratum III – Early Bronze Age II. A courtyard (2.0 × 2.1 m) paved with small stones and bounded by walls on the north and south was uncovered. The walls were constructed of two rows of large stones, with a fill of small stones between them. A large stone mortar was incorporated set in the courtyard; nearby, to its north, was a well-smoothed stone slab (1 × 1 m; Fig. 3) abutting the northern wall of the courtyard; the slab was found smashed. On the courtyard floor were several pottery sherds, including platters and jars, dated to the EB II.
Stratum II – Early Bronze Age II. A structure, exhibiting two construction phases (Fig. 4), was built over the western part of the Stratum III courtyard floor; it seems that the eastern part of the courtyard continued in use. Two walls of the structure, the southern and the eastern, were unearthed; they were constructed of two rows of fieldstones, with a fill of smaller stones between them. A well-tamped earthen floor mixed with crushed limestone (thickness c. 0.24 m), which abutted the walls, was attributed to the earlier phase of construction (IIa). In the later phase (IIb), the floor was raised by laying a layer of stones (thickness 0.25–0.30 m) throughout the structure; the layer of stones abutted the structure’s walls. A round installation (diam. 0.6 m, depth 0.4 m) was cut into the layer of stones. North of this installation was a well-smoothed stone slab (1 × 1 m), resembling the slab found in Stratum III. The later construction phase was also identified outside the structure: the same layer of stones with a round installation (diam. 0.5 m, depth 0.45 m; Fig. 5) was found in the northeastern corner of the excavation area. Numerous pottery sherds were found on the floors of both construction phases. The pottery, dating from the EB II, includes two cylindrical seal impressions on body sherds of metallic ware jars or pithoi. The floors also yielded basalt hammerstones and pestles, as well as a limestone mortar.
Stratum I – Early Bronze Age III. The latest stratum in the area re-used the Stratum II structure and the courtyard to its east. This stratum yielded EB III pottery, including a wide variety of Bet Yerah vessels. Not only is this the first Bet Yerah assemblage to be found in the ‘Akko Valley, but its range of types may indicate the presence of a production center for these vessels at the site.