Winepress (F46; Figs. 6, 7). The treading floor of the winepress (L112; depth 0.3–0.6 m) had a rectangular rock-cutting (depth 0.45 m) for the screw press at its center. North of the treading floor was a collecting vat (L115; depth 1.2 × 1.5 m), at the bottom of which was a small sump. In the northwestern corner of the treading floor was a shallow rock-cutting (L117; 1.2 × 1.4 m). Sherds from the Ottoman period (not drawn) were found in the collecting vat, along with a bone comb (Fig. 8) made of two pieces of bone connected by rivets, resembling plastic combs common in the 1960s and 1970s. A similar bone comb was found at Sarafand el-Kharab (Gorzalczany 2004:44), where it was dated to the Early Islamic period.

Field walls. A field wall (W107; preserved height 0.65 m; Fig. 6) ran to the west of the winepress—probably a retaining wall for an agricultural terrace. In the eastern part of the area (F13) was another field wall (W108; Fig. 9), built of fieldstones (0.4 × 0.5 m, 0.23 m; Fig. 10) and preserved to a height of one course. The wall extends along the wadi, suggesting that it served as a fence separating farming plots.


Rock-cuttings. A hewn frame (F7; depth 0.55 m; Fig. 6) was found to the east of the winepress; this may represent the early stages of a hewn cistern, whose quarrying was not completed. Another rock-cutting (F15; 0.4 × 0.7 m, depth 0.23 m; Fig. 10) was found c. 50 m to the east.


Cisterns.Three cisterns were identified (F16, F40, F44). Cistern 16 had a hewn opening (depth of cistern rim 0.7 m; Fig 10). It was found filled with an accumulation (depth 1.6 m from the cistern rim; Fig. 11), but it was not excavated due to safety concerns. Cistern 40 which was situated on a cliff was also not excavated for safety reasons. Cistern 44 was originally a cist or an arcosolium tomb, and was later repurposed as a cistern (3.5 × 3.5 m, excavated depth c. 2 m; Fig. 12). The cistern had a rectangular opening and was coated with two layers of pink hydraulic plaster.


Limekiln.The kiln (F10; depth 2.2 m; Figs 3, 13) was largely hewn, with a built part on its northern side—probably the location of the opening.


Quarry (F42; Fig. 14). The quarry, comprising two quarried surfaces (1.5 × 4.0 m, 3.4 × 4.7 m), exhibited detachment channels, which attest to the size of the quarried stones (0.5 × 1.0 m).


Concentration of pottery sherds (F45; L111). A layer of sherds dated to the Byzantine period was unearthed. It included bowls (Fig. 15:2, 3), a casserole (Fig. 15:4), a cooking pot (Fig. 15:5), jars (Fig. 15:6–11) and oil lamps (Fig. 15:12, 13); Lamp No. 12 was decorated with a cross. A fragment of a bowl from the Chalcolithic period was also discovered.