Stratum II. Remains of walls and floor foundations, which were probably part of a single architectural complex, were exposed throughout the excavation area (Fig. 3). The walls were founded on a compacted layer of river pebbles, and were built of hewn medium-sized stones with small fieldstones filling the gaps. They were preserved to a maximum height of one course. A room (L132) delimited by three walls (W120, W123, W124) was exposed in the southern part of the area. Foundations of a floor made of small compacted river pebbles abutted the walls of the room. Meager floor remains consisting of tamped soil mixed with fragments of pottery were discovered above the foundation. A pavement built of large stone slabs (L125; Fig. 4) was exposed west of Room 132. A complete room (L151; Fig. 5) bounded by four walls (W120, W126, W152, W160) was revealed in the center of the area. Inside the room was a floor bedding of compacted small river pebbles. It seems that there was another room (L114) slightly east of Room 151. A parallel wall (W153) was exposed c. 1 m north of W126; both walls delimited a floor bedding made of compacted river pebbles. It seems that Walls 126 and 153 formed a corridor that was oriented east–west (Fig. 6). In the northern part of the area remains of two walls (W130, W157), which were apparently related to the architectural elements located to the south, were discovered. Because of the infrastructure adjacent to the excavation area, only a narrow strip was examined in this area.
Numerous fragments of pottery dating to the Byzantine period were exposed in the excavation of Stratum II, including imported bowls from North Africa and Cyprus (Fig. 7:1–3), a casserole (Fig. 7:4), cooking pots (Fig. 7:5, 6), storage jars (Fig. 7:7–15), a fragment of a tegula (Fig. 7:16), and a fragment of terra-cotta figurine (Fig. 7:17). Ten coins, dating from the mid-fourth century to the second decade of the sixth century CE, were also discovered in this stratum. The earliest coin dates to 364–375 CE (IAA 154909), five coins date to the last quarter of the fourth century CE (IAA 154906, 154911, 154912, 154914, 154917), three coins are broadly dated to the fourth–fifth centuries CE (IAA 154907, 154908, 154913) and the latest coin is a half fals of Anastasia I from 507–512 CE (IAA 154905). These coins also date the stratum to the Byzantine period. A bronze ring (Fig. 8) bearing a Greek inscription: “gift from God” was discovered in the excavation debris.
Stratum I. The remains in this stratum were severely damaged as a result of modern cultivation. Scant remains of a wall (L148; Fig. 9) built of small fieldstones bonded with white mortar were discovered in the northwestern part of the area. Plaster remains on both sides of the wall suggest that it was part of an installation that was associated with liquids. The foundations of a wall (W121; Fig. 10), abutted by floor bedding (L154) was exposed in the northeastern part of the area. A small section of a white industrial mosaic was found next to the eastern side of the wall. Many white tesserae were exposed in this area, and it seems that there was a mosaic floor east of the wall, but most of it did not survive. Fragments of pottery dating to the Early Islamic period were found in Stratum I, including a bowl (Fig. 7:18) and storage jars (Fig. 7:19, 20).
Pottery ascribed to the Late Ottoman period was exposed on the surface, including the rim of a Gaza Ware bowl (Fig. 7:21). Other surface finds included three coins, two of them dating to the fourth century CE (IAA 154910, 154915) and one fals of the Ayyubid ruler al-Zahir Ghiyath al-Din Ghazi (1183–1216 CE; IAA 154916).
Architectural remains, which are apparently part of a single building complex, were discovered in Stratum II. Trial trenches, which were dug with a backhoe around the excavation area, made it possible to estimate of the area of the complex as c. 4 dunams. The pottery and coins in this stratum date it to the Byzantine period (fifth–seventh centuries CE); the fragments of imported bowls imply that the inhabitants were affluent. The dating of the stratum is consistent with that of the winepress which was exposed nearby to the northwest. The proximity of the winepress to the architectural remains suggests that it was associated with them, and it is possible that the inhabitants grew vineyards and produced wine. Meager remains of installations were discovered in Stratum I.