The excavation (100 sq m; Figs. 2, 3) revealed the remains of a building from the Iron Age II, which was situated c. 1 m below the surface: three spaces enclosed by walls built of basalt stones of various sizes that survived to a maximum height of three courses.
A surface consisting basalt stones of various sizes was unearthed in the northern space (L108; 2.5 × 3.0 m; Fig. 4), apparently a courtyard; the surface abutted two walls (W104, W109). Numerous fragments of cooking pots (90%) and jars (10%) that date from the Iron II were exposed on the surface. The area was presumably used for the preparation of food. In a trial trench (L107) opened beneath the eastern part of the surface, a layer of small basalt stones mixed with pottery sherds, mostly of cooking pots, was exposed. This layer probably served as a foundation for the courtyard or was a remnant of a habitation level that predates the Iron II.
The middle space (L106) was found filled with soil (L116; Fig. 5) and was bounded by W104 and a wall (W122) that formed a corner with it; only their foundation survived. It seems that this fill was intentional, meant to level both a natural depression in the bedrock and its inclination from east to west; this was either a bedding for a floor or the damaged remains of an earlier habitation level.
The southern space (L115, L121) was delimited between W122 and a wall that was damaged by a backhoe (W120; Fig. 6), thus surviving to a height of only one course. Several pottery sherds that date from the Iron II were found in this space. A light colored level (L114) that yielded a few Iron Age sherds and flint tools was exposed south of W120. It was not possible to associate this level with the building.
At the southern end of the excavation were the remains of a wall (W110) that was aligned in an east–west direction. A number of pottery sherds that are ascribed to the Hellenistic period were found on the wall and to its south, and several fragments of bowls dated to the Late Roman period were discovered on a surface in the south of the excavation.
Most of the ceramic finds were discovered on Surface 108 and in Trial Trench 107, excavated beneath it. All of the vessels that were found are characteristic of the Iron Age IIA. These include a curved bowl (Fig. 7:1), cooking pots with a triangular rim (Fig. 7:2–6), jars (Fig. 7:7, 8) and a base of a jug (Fig. 7:9). A basalt pounder (Fig. 7:10) was also uncovered. A jar (Fig. 7:11) that dates from the Hellenistic period was exposed next to W110; this type of vessel is common in northern sites in Israel, at Tel Yoqneʽam, and at sites near the coast, such as Tel Keisan, Tel Shiqmona and Tel Dor. In addition, part of a Late Roman-period krater with a hooked ledge rim (fourth century CE) was found; similar vessels were unearthed at the adjacent site of Horbat ‘Amudim, as well as at Yoqneʽam and Bet She‘arim. Twenty flint items were also found in the excavation. All of them exhibit signs of wear and have thick patination. Only one diagnostic item was identified: it dated from the Middle Paleolithic period and is ascribed to the Levallois industry of the Mousterian culture.
The remains of the building from the Iron Age II are in line with the finds of the surveys conducted in the vicinity, which indicated that during this period there was a settlement near Horbat Mishkena. The construction style, namely walls only a few courses high, and the renewed habitation levels may indicate that a temporary settlement was situated by the seasonal pool (Birqat Miskana). The pool, which existed throughout most of the year, was the reason for settlement there in earlier periods as well, as evidenced by the flint item from the Middle Paleolithic period. The finds from the Hellenistic and Roman periods probably attest to activity at the site during these periods, when Horbat Mishkena and nearby Horbat ‘Amudim were inhabited.