Area A. A double industrial winepress that included two treading floors and two deep collecting vats was exposed (Fig. 2). A screw base for pressing grape skins was hewn in each of the treading floors. A channel that led from the screw base to the collecting vat was hewn in the eastern floor; the deep vat (c. 2 m) has a staircase hewn in its southwestern corner. A terracotta pipe that led from the screw base to the collecting vat was set in the western treading floor. This hewn collecting vat was well-plastered and contained many potsherds that dated to the Byzantine period. A shallow plastered filtration pit, built of small stones and cement inside a depression in the bedrock, was exposed just east of the collecting vat; a perforated hole in its bottom connected the pit to the adjacent collecting vat.
Area B is c. 50 m southeast of Area D. A modern dwelling belonging to the Arab village that was situated at the site until 1948 was exposed. The excavation of the building was suspended. A probe excavated below the floor of the structure contained potsherds that dated to the Byzantine, Mamluk and Late Ottoman periods.
Area C is located just east of Area B. A large dressed building stone (1×1×2 m) was discerned on the surface. An excavation was conducted on both sides of the stone and it was ascertained that it stood alone and was not related to any construction. Consequently, the excavation in this area was suspended. The ceramic finds recovered from the excavation on either side of the stone dated to the Byzantine period.
Area D was opened at the highest spot of the ruin. A wall (exposed length c. 15 m, width c. 1 m; Fig. 3), built of two rows of roughly hewn stones and preserved two courses high, was exposed. A threshold and two doorjambs were preserved in an opening that was set in the northern part of the wall. It seems that the opening was blocked with stones in a later phase. Potsherds dating to the Byzantine period were recovered from the excavation of the wall.
Area E was opened at the bottom of the western slope, facing the direction of the road leading from the Somkh junction to the Yagur junction. Hewn pits that were apparently collecting vats of an olive press, which displayed two phases of use, were exposed (Fig. 4). Circular vats were hewn in the early phase and a groove for draining the oil was cut around their openings. Square pits intended probably for placing weights were hewn in the late phase; these pits negated the round vats. The pits were devoid of ceramic finds. A hewn corridor in which four plastered steps were cut, leading to a hewn and plastered space, was exposed to the south of the olive press. Judging by the plan, dimensions, and the plastering, it seems that this was a miqwe (Fig. 5). On the sides of the corridor, above the steps, were two hewn recesses, probably for placing a wooden rod to assist in getting in and out of the miqwe. The bottom of the miqwe was damaged when a cave that negated the bath was hewn. This cave is evidently part of a hiding refuge (Fig. 6). A continuation leading to another, non-excavated space, was discerned in the northern part of the cave. Assuming this is a hiding refuge, it is probably no later than the Bar Kokhba Revolt, because no hiding refuges postdating this uprising have been discovered. If this is the case, the quarrying of the miqwe and the adjacent olive press should be dated to the time of the Second Temple. Presumably, the olive press continued to be used in the Byzantine period as well or at least during part of it. The miqwe, the olive press and the hiding refuge are consistent with our knowledge gained from historical sources that a Jewish settlement existed at the site.