A farming terrace wall, which was built on the bank of a wadi, next to a confluence of wadis, was exposed in the excavation; it was intended to direct the runoff and stabilize the ground for cultivation. The pottery found at the base of the farming terrace wall dated its construction to the Hellenistic period.
Four squares, oriented east–west in accordance with the results of the preliminary inspection, were opened (A1–A4; Fig. 2).
Square A1. A wall (W100; exposed length 15.3 m, width c. 0.8 m, height of northern side 0.4 m, height of southern side 0.8 m; Fig. 3) built of medium-sized fieldstones (0.5×0.5 m) was exposed in the center of the square. A bedding of small stones placed on a layer of crushed chalk, which was meant to form a leveled surface and a base for the construction of the wall on the slope toward the wadi, was uncovered in the wall’s foundation. Bedrock was revealed beneath the bedding. The wall was exposed along the entire width of the excavation square, which was extended to the east and west (Squares A3, A4).
A layer of fill, thicker than the one revealed on northern side of the wall, was discovered on its southern side. The fill was deposited for the purpose of leveling the area and setting the wall’s stones. The eastern end of the wall was exposed but not its western end and therefore the its length is unknown. The ceramic finds near the wall ranged in date from the Iron Age until the Byzantine period and included bowls, kraters and jars. Dismantling the wall revealed a jar fragment (Fig. 4:6) that dated to the Late Persian and the beginning of the Hellenistic periods (fourth–third centuries BCE). Fragments of a krater (Fig. 4:4) and baggy-shaped jar (Fig. 4:5), common from the end of the Iron Age until the Persian period, were found in the southern side of the wall, facing the slope. A fragment of a mortarium (Fig. 4:1) and a bowl with a ledge rim (Fig. 4:2) that dated to the Roman period were also found. A fragment of a Late Roman C bowl (Fig. 4:3), prevalent in the Byzantine period (sixth–eighth centuries CE), was found north of the wall.
Square A2. No architectural finds were revealed in this square.
The farming terrace wall, which was probably built in the Hellenistic period, aided in preventing soil erosion, facilitated cultivation and stabilized the farmland next to an area where the flow of water was strong. The finds complement those from previous excavations, indicative of an ancient region rich in agricultural installations. The pottery finds, which dated from the Persian period, are also in keeping with the findings of the other excavations.