Square 1. A cluster of small fieldstones was exposed, possibly remains of a ruinous wall oriented north–south.

Square 2. Two walls (length 1.5 m, width 0.35–0.40 m; Fig. 2), generally oriented east–west, were exposed. The walls were built of small fieldstones and preserved two courses high. The walls were not excavated because of suspicion they might be covering tombs. 

Square 3. Two clusters of small fieldstones were exposed. Flint artifacts and several potsherds were discovered nearby.

Square 4.  A habitation level was exposed; it consisted of small stones and potsherds, some of which were covered with plaster, indicating a possible floor. A wall (W141; length 3.05 m, width 1.3 m, height 1.1 m; Fig. 3), oriented northwest-southeast, was exposed below this level; it was built of small and medium fieldstones and was preserved eight courses high.

Squares 5, 8 and 11. Meager habitation levels that included potsherds and flint artifacts were exposed.

Square 6. Remains of a wall and a stone foundation (W131, L137; Fig. 4) were exposed. Wall 131 (length 2.1 m, width 0.25 m, height 0.24 m), oriented northwest-southeast, was built of small fieldstones. The wall was connected to a stone foundation (W137; 0.7 × 0.9 m) that was built of small stones and tamped earth. Several small potsherds that could not be dated were discovered.

Square 7. A cluster of small fieldstones and scant finds consisting of potsherds and flint artifacts was discovered. The stones might be remains of a ruinous wall, aligned north–south.

Square 9. Remains of two walls that abutted each other and were built of small fieldstones (W127; W140; Fig. 5) were exposed. Wall 127 was oriented north–south (length 3.3 m, width 0.65 m, height 0.46 m) and Wall 140 was aligned east–west (length 1.9 m, width 0.65 m). The two poorly preserved walls were probably foundations of a building. Several potsherds and a few flint artifacts were discovered in the vicinity of the walls.

Square 10. Several stones that might be remains of a wall, aligned north–south, and a few potsherds were exposed.

Squares 12–17. These squares were located in the highest part of the excavation area. The kurkar bedrock was exposed and above it was hard conglomerate, composed of small kurkar stones, hamra and sand. Only several potsherds were discovered in these squares.


Potsherds dating to Iron Age II were discovered in the excavation, including bowls (Fig. 6:1–6), a mortarium (Fig. 6:7), kraters (Fig. 6:8–10), a cooking pot (Fig. 6:11) and jars (Fig. 6:12, 13). The type of mortarium continues to appear in the Persian period. In addition, flint flakes dating to the Middle Palaeolithic period were discovered in the excavation and on the surface.