The stone floor in the synagogue’s courtyard was removed in the excavation area, and fill consisting of soil, small and large stones and several potsherds was exposed. The bedrock was only reached on the eastern side of the excavation square, where it was hewn and the synagogue’s front wall was founded above it.
The ceramic finds from the excavation included a locally produced jar, a base of a glazed bowl that may be an import and an open cooking vessel, all dating to the Mamluk period (thirteenth–fourteenth centuries CE); a base of a locally produced bowl coated with a dark green glaze and a fragment of a bowl glazed turquoise and yellow with brown stripes, probably imported from Italy (Fig. 2), both dating to the Early Ottoman period (fifteenth–eighteenth centuries CE); and several fragments of Rashaya el-Fukhar pottery dating to the early twentieth century CE.
The ceramic finds recovered from the excavation indicate that the site was first occupied in the Mamluk period and habitation continued up to the Early Ottoman period. It seems that the potsherds from the twentieth century CE derive from the construction of the courtyard in front of the synagogue at this period.