Ritual Bath (miqwe; L100; Fig. 3). A vaulted structure (2.3×2.5 m, height 2.6 m) coated with pink hydraulic plaster was exposed. A staircase, also covered with pink hydraulic plaster, led to the miqwe from the north. A circular opening (diam. 0.3 m), blocked with alluvium and small stones, was installed in the miqwe’s ceiling. A shelf (0.2×0.3×0.4 m) probably for placing a lamp was built of dressed limestone on the southern side of the miqwe, 1.9 m above the floor of the installation. The ceramic artifacts recovered from the miqwe included bowls (Fig. 4:1) and jars (Fig. 4:2) from the Roman period (second–third centuries CE).
Building Remains. Two construction phases were discerned in part of a building that was exposed 2 m east of the ritual bath. Two walls (W13, W14) built of dressed limestone (0.2×0.3×0.4 m) and preserved two courses high were ascribed to the first phase. A floor (L108) of smoothed limestone slabs abutted the walls. A limestone-slab floor (L109) was ascribed to the second phase. No wall remains that adjoined it were discovered. The ceramic finds from the building remains were very meager and non-diagnostic.
Plastered Installation (L106; Fig. 5). A vaulted installation (1.6×1.9 m) coated with hydraulic plaster was exposed east of W13; it was severely damaged during earthmoving work. This installation seems to have been a cistern and it contained jar fragments (Fig. 4:6) dating to the Early Islamic period.
Wall (W12; exposed length 1.7 m, preserved height 0.7 m). The wall was built on the bedrock, to the east of the Installation 106. It consisted of dressed limestone (0.2×0.3×0.4 m) and in-between them was soil fill that contained fragments of jars (Fig. 4:7, 8) dating to the Early Islamic period. A limestone vault adjoined W12 from the east; it was not excavated for safety reasons.
Section. A section (length 4.7 m, height 4.1 m; Figs. 6, 7) was documented on the eastern side of the excavation area, and remains of a building were recorded. Two walls (W10, W11; preserved height 1.86 m), founded on soil and built of dressed limestone in dry construction, were discerned. The two walls enclosed a doorway (width 0.7 m) and were abutted by a floor (L103) of smoothed limestone slabs bonded with gray mortar. The ceramic finds gathered from the building remains in the section included fragments of bowls (Fig. 4:3) and jars (Fig. 4:4, 5), dating to the Early Islamic period (ninth–tenth centuries CE).
The exposed and documented remains in the excavation included a ritual bath from the Roman period, architectural remains whose date is uncertain, and remains of a building and installation from the Early Islamic period. These join the many other antiquities that have been discovered at the site, indicating an extensive and prolonged settlement.