Stratum II (ninth–tenth centuries CE)
Phase 1. Meager remains of a wall and an installation, built on top of the sand, were exposed. A wall (W124; preserved length 1.2 m; Fig. 2), built of medium-sized building stones, was exposed in the middle of Square A. A zir-type jar was uncovered c. 0.2 m north of W124. Jars of this type were used for storage and were usually placed beneath the floors. An elliptical installation (W114; 0.6×0.7 m) was excavated in the northern corner of the square. A channel that conveyed air into the installation was exposed in its eastern end. The poor preservation of the installation made it difficult to determine if it was a tabun or a kiln.
A wall (W127; width 0.5 m) built of medium-sized building stones, was exposed in Square C. A wall segment of fired mud bricks (W128) was exposed in the northwestern section of the square.
Phase 2. A plastered rectangular installation (L120; Fig. 3) was built above the zir jar of Phase I in Square A; it was poorly preserved and may have been used to store liquid.
Fragments of pottery vessels dating to ninth–tenth centuries CE were discovered in this stratum, including bowls (Fig. 4:1–5), a deep bowl (Fig. 4:6), pale green glazed bowls (Fig. 4:7, 8), light green glazed bowls (Fig. 4:10), splash-glaze bowls (Fig. 4:11), kraters (Fig. 4:12–14), jars (Fig. 5:1, 2), filter jugs (Fig. 5:3, 4), jugs (Fig. 5:5–7), jugs with knife-cut decorations (Fig. 5:8, 9), a Mafjar-type jug (Fig. 5:10), a stopper (Fig. 5:11),a goblet (Fig. 5:12) and lamps (Fig. 6:1–3).
Stratum I (tenth–eleventh centuries CE)
The corner of a building, built of medium-sized ashlars (W101, W108) was exposed in the eastern corner of Square A. A robber trench of a wall (L118) was excavated parallel to and west of W108. A plaster floor (L112; Fig. 7) abutted the robber trench. Another wall (W109) was revealed northwest of the robber trench. The wall and floor covered Installation 120 of Stratum II and negated its use.
Remains of a wall (W102; Fig. 8) whose northern section was robbed were exposed in Square B (L116; Fig. 9). Wall 106 abutted W102 from the east. Another wall (W129) was built just west of W102 and its northern part was robbed. A thick plaster floor (L105) abutted Walls 102 and 106. Wall 106 was the southern side of a cistern (L111) that was covered with a barrel-vault ceiling, which had mostly collapsed (Fig. 10). The sides of the cistern and its bottom were built of fieldstones bonded with white cement and coated with pink plaster applied to a base of potsherds. Two tawabin (ovens) were exposed west of W102.
A wall (W127), adjoined by a plaster floor (L121), was exposed in Square C. The floor was set on hamra fill (L122), overlaying sterile sand. A tabun (L123) was exposed on the floor near the northwestern section of the square.
Fragments of pottery vessels dating to the tenth–eleventh centuries CE were discovered in this stratum; including a bowl adorned with a sgrafitto decoration and glazed yellow on a white slip (Fig. 4:9) and a fragment of a zoomorphic vessel (Fig. 6:4), dating to the eleventh century CE.
The remains of one or more dwellings, a cistern and tawabin were exposed in the excavation. Some of the walls were robbed. The excavation finds indicate that construction began in the Abbasid period (ninth–tenth centuries CE) and the building was used continuously until the Fatimid period (tenth–eleventh centuries CE). During this time changes were made to the structure. The ceramic finds are characteristic of residential dwellings and domestic use. The excavation provides new information regarding the boundaries of the city of Ramla in the tenth–eleventh centuries CE.