Hellenistic period (third century–mid-second century BCE). The finds from this period included a range of pottery without any architectural remains. The stratum with the pottery appeared mainly in the two squares at the southern end of the main hall in the existing building (L31, L33, L35; Fig. 2) and yielded, among other things, a slipped bowl (Fig. 3:1), a basin (Fig. 3:2), a flask (Fig. 3:3), a jar (Fig. 3:4) and an amphora handle (not drawn). The L35, the Hellenistic pottery was found on the bedrock, with no later finds, whereas in L31 and L33 it was mixed with pottery from later periods.
Early Islamic period (eighth–eleventh centuries CE). Most of the pottery from this period consisted of body fragments of storage vessels (not drawn), probably bag-shaped jars which are difficult to date exactly. Among the other finds were several fragments of brown-glazed cooking pots (Fig. 3:5) that first appeared in the Fatimid period (eleventh century CE), and a type of lamp that was used throughout the Early Islamic period (Fig. 3:6). The pottery from this period was mainly found in the two squares in the southern part of the main hall of the existing building (L18, L31, L33).
Late Ottoman period (late nineteenth–early twentieth century CE). The vaulted ceilings of the longitudinal halls in the existing building, which were constructed of kurkar stonesreinforced with compacted hamra, are typical of the large nineteenth century buildings in Yafo. The front of the building, which faces Olei Zion Street, is probably a late addition, because the ceiling in that part of the structure is of a different style: short vaults built of bricks, resting on parallel strips of iron. This method of roofing appears in the late nineteenth century French Hospital, and in the Greek Market that dates to the early twentieth century. The building was apparently used for commerce or storage, and many such buildings are still active in this part of Yafo today. The architectural finds include bases of arches and installations. Tightly constructed strips of kurkar strengthen the supporting arches (W12, W14, W36; Figs. 4, 5). Wall 36, which supported an arch above the passage between the main hall and northwestern hall, protruded above the original floor level and marked the internal division of the building.
In the courtyard southwest of the existing building were cells, which were apparently used for industry or storage (Fig. 6). A total of three cells of similar size were excavated, two of them (L28, L29) against the wall of the existing building, and the third (L30, W21, W22), which was not entirely exposed, south of them. The floor and internal surface of the walls of Cell 28 were plastered, and covered with a thin, dense layer of soot (Fig. 7). No items relating to the occupation phase were found in these cells. The complex continued farther to the southeast, beyond a gap (L32) in its outer wall (W23), which was parallel to that of the existing building. The gap can be explained as an arch that extended between two walls (W26, W27; see Fig. 7). The finds from inside the installations and from the soil accumulations around them date to the Late Ottoman period, and include a Gaza ware bowl (Fig. 8:1), a European bowl made of porcelain-like ceramic (Fig. 8:2), a basin (Fig. 8:3), a Gaza type cooking pot (Fig. 8:4) and a jar (Fig. 8:5). Other finds included a vessel with an elongated neck, possibly used in sugar prodution (Fig. 9:1); Marseille roof tiles from the Martin brothers factory (Fig. 9:2) and the Roux brothers factory (Fig. 9:3), whose products are known from other sites in Yafo; parts of nargile(Fig. 9:4, 5); a glass bracelet (Fig. 10:1), possibly a product of the Hebron industry whose wares were common throughout the country during this period; a bone comb (Fig. 10:2); a small glass bottle that probably contained medicine (Fig. 10:3); and a fragment of an iron knife or dagger (Fig. 10:4). Infrastructure for sewage and drainage—concrete and terra cotta pipes, drainage channels built of concrete and floor tiles—were inserted into the cells complex at the time of the British Mandate. The installation of the infrastructures damaged the complex; thus it is clear that the cells were no longer in use.
Two perpendicular walls (W16, W17), built in a style identical to that of W23, were exposed in the southwestern corner of the existing structure. Due to the fragmented preservation of the architectural remains it was not possible to determine their purpose. The ceramics ascribed to them date to the Late Ottoman period.
A Pit Grave (L35; Figs. 11, 12) was dug into the Hellenistic level. Lower-limb bones—foot and calf—and a fragment of mandible, were found in the tomb. The bones were identified as those of as a male, over 15 years of age. The type of the burial and the orientation of the body, with its the head to the west and feet east, are typically Muslim, but the identification is not secure, because it is impossible to determine what direction the deceased faced. The date of the grave is not clear. Similar pit graves were discovered in a few places in the Flea Market and elsewhere in Yafo, and are dated to the Mamluk–Late Ottoman periods.
Hellenistic finds are common in the strata close to the bedrock at Yafo, and the diversity of types is indicative of everyday life of a civilian population in a city which expanded in this period into the area east of the tel. The pottery assemblage from the excavation is small, but consistent with the general picture described above. Muslim pit graves appear in this part of the Yafo from the Mamluk until the Late Ottoman periods. The installations from the Late Ottoman period apparently represent the original use phase in the building. The purpose of the building changed during the British Mandate at the very latest, at which time the cells were no longer being used. Although the scope of the excavation was limited and the finds sparse, there is sufficient information to add this site to the picture of Yafo in the periods represented in it.