In June 2015, a salvage excavation was conducted on Ester Ha-Malka Street in Ramla (Permit No. A-7449; map ref. 188261–85/648129–80), prior to construction. The excavation, undertaken on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and financed by Mr. Yair Dahan, was directed by D. Masarwa, with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), A. Azab and A. Shadman (assistance and consultation), M. Kahan (surveying and drafting), C. Ben-Ari (GPS), H. Torgë (pottery reading) and M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing) .
Mamluk Period (Stratum 2). Remains of a building were exposed, and two phases were discerned. Sections of walls (W110, W111, W117; Fig. 2) and three rooms (L104, L105, L116) were ascribed to the early phase (B). The walls were constructed of ashlars and small and medium fieldstones, and were preserved to a height of five courses. A section of stone-slabs paving was uncovered in Room 116, and a rectangular pillar (L115) built of small fieldstones bonded with gray mortar (Fig. 3), was uncovered to the south. The remains attributed to the late phase (A) included a floor beddomg (L109) made of small fieldstones and gray mortar, which abutted W117 of the early phase. The floor was delimited on the south by a wall (W108) built of a row of medium fieldstones (Fig. 4). Pottery dating to the Mamluk period was found in this stratum, including bowls (Fig. 5:1–3), a small bowl (Fig. 5:4), a casserole (Fig. 5:5) and a jug (Fig. 5:6).
Ottoman Period (Stratum 1). Wall remains (W102, W114; Fig. 6) were exposed. Wall 102 (width over 0.9 m) was a well-constructed ashlar wall with a core of fieldstones bonded with mortar, which was preserved to a height of four courses. The wall was adjoined from the south by W114. Both walls were abutted by the bedding of a floor (L103) made of small fieldstones, pottery sherds and gray mortar. The ceramic finds from this stratum included jars (Fig. 5:7, 8) and a spout of a jug (Fig. 5:9), which date to the Ottoman period.
The architectural remains from the Mamluk and Ottoman period are probably related to the buildings that were discovered in earlier excavations nearby, and they are part of the urban settlement sequence of Ramla.