Three foundation walls (W101–W103; width 0.4 m; Figs. 7, 8) belonging to a building dating from the Late Ottoman period and the British Mandate were discovered. The walls were constructed of medium-sized fieldstones and were preserved to a height of one or two courses. Wall 101 (length 13.8 m) formed a corner with W102 (length 17.1 m; Fig. 9). Wall 103 (length 12.8 m) ran parallel to W102 and abutted W101. The floor in the building was not preserved. A refuse pit (diam. 5 m) that contained metal debris and remains of modern fences was found south of W102. Several fragments of black Gaza ware from to end of the Ottoman period and the beginning of the British Mandate and metal items, such as pins, nails and remains of a barb-wire fence, were found in one spot (Fig. 10). According to local residents, this was the location of an agricultural building that stood in the orchards belonging to Moshav Mavqi‘im in the 1950s. A Russian coin minted in 1937 was discovered in the corner of Walls 101 and 102 (Fig. 11). The building that was exposed in the excavation was situated on the northern edge of the agricultural area of the Arab village of Barbara.