Two squares (A3, A5; Figs. 2, 3) were opened along an east–west axis and excavated down to the ancient remains (0.3 m below the surface). Two layers (II, III) were exposed, ascribed to the Early Islamic and the Mamluk periods respectively.
Stratum II. In Sq A3, remains of a plaster floor (L102) were exposed that abutted the southeastern side of a drainage channel (L103) that ran southwest–northeast (Fig. 4). A small section of the channel, built of small fieldstones and gray mortar, was preserved; gray plaster was applied to the inside of the channel. Floors attributed to three phases were revealed in Sq A5. The floor relating to the earliest phase was made of plaster (L109) and a terra-cotta pipe composed of sections (L115, diam. 10 cm; Fig. 5) was integrated in it along an east–west axis. The pipe, which was encased within tamped small fieldstones and gray mortar and was apparently used for drainage, was set on a thick plaster bedding. A plaster floor was installed above it on a hamra foundation. The floor abutted an installation (L114) in the southeastern corner of the square, which was also used in the late phase. The installation was plastered and its walls were made of small fieldstones and gray mortar (Fig. 6). A plaster floor (L108), ascribed to the second phase, was exposed in the square’s northwestern corner. A terra-cotta pipe also used for drainage was incorporated along an east–west axis in the floor (L113; Fig. 7). The eastern end of the pipe turned north and continued outside the square, probably to a cistern. A section of a colorful mosaic floor (L105) that included a bird in a round frame in the northeastern part of the square (Fig. 8) was ascribed to the late phase. In the south of the square, a gray plaster floor (L118) was revealed that abutted the western side of the installation; it was also used in the early phase (L114). The pottery from this stratum included a krater (Fig. 9:1), glazed bowls (Fig. 9:2–6), a deep bowl (Fig. 9:7), a glazed fry pan (Fig. 9:8), a jar (Fig. 9:9) and a kiln wedge (Fig. 9:10) dating to the Early Islamic period (tenth–eleventh centuries CE).
Stratum I. Sections of walls (L116, L117; Fig. 10) made of partially dressed small and medium-sized fieldstones were discovered in the southern half of Sq A3. It seems that W116 adjoined W117 to form the corner of a building. These walls severed the earlier remains.
The pottery from this stratum includes a bowl (Fig. 9:11) and a green, lead-glazed jug (Fig. 9:12), dating to the Mamluk period.
The remains of the floors, drainage channels, walls and installation belonged to a residential quarter that was part of the urban continuum of Ramla in the Early Islamic and Mamluk periods. They complement the remains that were exposed in previous excavations in the area.