In March 2019, a trial excavation was conducted near Khirbat Koteineh (Permit No. A-8497; Map ref. 203209/725408, 204229/725900; Fig. 1), prior to the installation of infrastructures. The excavation, on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority and funded by Noble Energy, was directed by L. Talmi, with the assistance of Y. Amrani (administration), M. Hatter (field photography), Y. Tepper (guidance), K. Segal (preliminary probes), V. Essman (surveying and drafting), A. Dagot (GPS), P. Gandelman (pottery reading), N. Zak (plans), M. Shuiskaya (pottery drawing), K. Sa‘id and workers from Kafr ‘Ar‘ara.
Two areas (A, B; Figs. 1, 2) were excavated: Area A, c. 250 m southwest of Khirbat Koteineh; and Area B, c. 750 m northeast of it (for background and references, see Masarwa 2016). The excavation yielded a retaining wall of an agricultural terrace and potsherds from the Roman and Byzantine periods.
Area A yielded a soil accumulation (L200, L201) covering a grooved bedrock outcrop. The soil contained potsherds dating from the Byzantine period (fifth–seventh centuries CE), including a casserole (Fig. 3:2), cooking pots (Fig. 3:3, 4) and a jar (Fig. 3:5).
Area B yielded a retaining wall of an agricultural terrace (W101; length c. 7 m; Fig. 4), built of large fieldstones, which were placed on a fill of small stones and earth (L103) above the bedrock. A fragment of a jar (Fig. 3:1) dating from the Roman period (second–third centuries CE) was found in the soil (L102) that accumulated above the wall. The terrace indicates that agricultural activity took place in the area during the Roman and Byzantine periods.
Masarwa M. 2016. ‘En Haggit and Nahal Haggit. HA-ESI 128.